ERIC Number: ED566373
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 11
Under What Assumptions Do Site-by-Treatment Instruments Identify Average Causal Effects?
Reardon, Sean F.; Raudenbush, Stephen W.
Grantee Submission, Sociological Methods and Research v42 n2 p143-163 May 2013
The increasing availability of data from multi-site randomized trials provides a potential opportunity to use instrumental variables methods to study the effects of multiple hypothesized mediators of the effect of a treatment. We derive nine assumptions needed to identify the effects of multiple mediators when using site-by-treatment interactions to generate multiple instruments. Three of these assumptions are unique to the multiple-site, multiple-mediator case: 1) the assumption that the mediators act in parallel (no mediator affects another mediator); 2) the assumption that the site-average effect of the treatment on each mediator is independent of the site-average effect of each mediator on the outcome; and 3) the assumption that the site-by-compliance matrix has sufficient rank. The first two of these assumptions are non-trivial and cannot be empirically verified, suggesting that multiple-site, multiple-mediator instrumental variables models must be justified by strong theory. The following are appended: (1) Rationale for the Parallel Mediators Assumption; (2) Mean and Variance of MSMM-IV Estimations; and (3) Expressions for the Between-Site Compliance-Effect Covariance when P = 1 or P = 2. [This article was published in "Sociological Methods and Research," v42 n2 p143-163 May 2013.]
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305D090009