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ERIC Number: ED565687
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Update: Transitional Bilingual Instruction Program (TBIP) 2012-2013
Malagon, Helen; McCold, Paul; Nelson, Joan Johnston
Washington Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction
When students with little or no previous exposure to the English language enter schools in Washington, they are often unable to fully benefit from content instruction provided in English. They are at a high risk of academic failure unless the necessary language support is provided. The Transitional Bilingual Instruction Program (TBIP) provides additional instructional supports to help English language learners (ELLs) in acquiring the English language needed to access mainstream curriculum and assessments. In 2012-13, 104,025 English language learners (ELLs) received state services through the Transitional Bilingual Instruction Program (TBIP). This was an increase of just over 9% from the previous year. Most students live in urban areas along Interstate 5 corridor and in rural areas like the Yakima Valley. The Washington English Language Proficiency Assessment (WELPA) measures ELLs' proficiency in reading, writing, listening and speaking and is given to current TBIP students annually in February and March. Test results determine a student's continued eligibility or transition from TBIP. About 12.5% of ELLs who took the WELPA transitioned out of the TBIP in 2012-13. In the 2012-13 school year, the state provided $82.5 million in supplemental funding for services to English language learners. This was an 8.2% increase from 2011-12, but only 3.6% more than 2010-11. Ninety-seven percent of program funding is primarily used for salaries and benefits of instructional staff in districts and schools. There was a 2.4% increase in teacher Full-time Equivalents (FTE) and a 3.9% increase in instructional aide FTE in 2012-13.
Washington Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction. Old Capitol Building, P.O. Box 47200, Olympia, WA 98504-7200. Tel: 360-725-6000; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Washington Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction
Identifiers - Location: Washington
IES Cited: ED558159; ED565624