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ERIC Number: ED565140
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Aug
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 13
A Case Study on English Language Learners' Task-Based Interaction and Avatar Identities in Second Life: A Mixed-Methods Design
Chen, Julian ChengChiang, Paper presented at the 2014 EUROCALL Conference (Groningen, The Netherlands, Aug 20-23, 2014)
English as a foreign language (EFL) learners' language use in 3-D virtual environments is a vibrant avenue that still deserves more research attention in the field of CALL. To contribute research and pedagogical implications to the current Second Life (SL) literature, this study aims to examine EFL adult learners' use of communication strategies during task-driven, voice-based negotiation, as well as to explore their avatar identities during their language practices in a task-based virtual course in SL. Operationalized by task-based interaction, quantitative results show that confirmation checks, clarification requests and comprehension checks are the most frequently used strategies. The interrelationship among task types, negotiation and strategy use is also established--jigsaw task prompts the most instances of negotiation and strategy use. Qualitative results drawn from triangulation of multiple data sources reveal that SL is endorsed as a promising learning environment owing to its simulated immersion, augmented reality, tele/co-presence and masked identities via avatars. This study demonstrates that implementation of task-based instruction can be maximized by 3-D simulated features in SL. It also implicates that 1) twoway directed tasks with convergent and single-outcome conditions will stimulate more cognitive and linguistic processes of negotiation involving interactional modifications, and 2) avatar identities can boost EFL learners' sense of self-image and confidence. [For full proceedings, see ED565087.] La Grange des Noyes, 25110 Voillans, France. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A