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ERIC Number: ED563302
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 12
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 6
Missed Opportunities in the Labor Market or Temporary Disruptions? How Late Teacher Hiring Affects Student Achievement
Papay, John P.; Kraft, Matthew A.; Bloom, Julia; Buckley, Kate; Liebowitz, David
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness
While there are many reasons why late hiring may affect student achievement, no empirical studies have documented this effect in practice. This paper presents the first estimates of the direct impact of late hiring on students' academic achievement, sheds light on two competing explanations for the struggles of late-hire teachers advanced in the literature (labor market effects and disruption effects), and examines broader consequences of late hiring on student achievement, including spillover effects that occur from increased teacher turnover. Researchers address the following questions: (1) Do the observable characteristics of teachers who are hired late and the schools that hire them differ from on-time hires?; (2) Does late hiring reduce student achievement? If so, are labor market effects or disruption effects to blame?; and (3) Are teachers who are hired late more likely to switch schools or leave the school district? The study reveals the following findings: (1) Late-hired teachers differ from their peers in the district in several ways--gender, ethnicity, age, professional route to teaching, and a tendency to work in different types of schools; (2) A classroom with a teacher hired after school starts in the fall reduces student achievement; and (3) Late-hired teachers are much less likely to stay in the district than standard-hired teachers, and those who remain are more likely to transfer schools. Tables and figures are appended.
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness (SREE)