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ERIC Number: ED563249
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Sep
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
A Comparison of Turkish and South Korean Mothers' Views about Preschool Education and Their Expectations from Preschools
Ramazan, M. Oya
Online Submission, US-China Education Review B v5 n9 p565-578 Sep 2015
The preschool period which comprises the years from birth to age of six, is one of the most critic periods of life because of its future effect on the formation and shaping of the personality, moulding the social and emotional life, and the acquisition of basic knowledge, skills, and habits. Most of the behaviors which are acquired in the childhood shape one's personality, attitudes, habits, beliefs, and values in the adulthood. Although Turkey and South Korea are geographically distant countries, there is a close relationship between them in terms of their late history. The paths of historical development of preschool education in these countries are similar, but their current schooling rates are different. Their development levels, cultures, and systems of education are also different. This study aims to compare the views of mothers' with children in preschools about preschool education and expectations from preschools in both of these countries. This study includes mothers in the neighborhoods where families with middle socio-economic levels live in Istanbul (Turkey) and Seul (South Korea), whose children are between three and six years old and go to the preschools registered under the Ministry of Education. A survey with closed-ended questions was administered to 279 mothers (139 Turkish mothers and 140 South Korean mothers) who were included in the study according to the principle of voluntariness. The research results indicated that Turkish and South Korean mothers have some similar views as well as some different views. Their answers to six questions which seek their views about preschool education show that mothers from both countries consider preschool education as an important issue; they do not consider preschools as a caring institution; they think rather than themselves, preschools affect their children, and they try to learn about preschool education and children in this period. According to the mothers' answers to seven questions about their expectations from preschools, both Turkish mothers and South Korean mothers sent their children to preschools and were against strict discipline. While most South Korean mothers supported that their children go out and play in summer and winter, and learn how to read and write in preschools, few Turkish mothers agreed with this view. Both Turkish mothers and South Korean mothers supported teaching simple add-subtract operations, foreign languages, and computer, but this rate was higher in the latter.
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea (Seoul); Turkey (Istanbul)