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ERIC Number: ED563203
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 70
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
Whose Grades Are Inflated? Research Report No. 2003-4
Camara, Wayne; Kimmel, Ernest; Scheuneman, Janice; Sawtell, Ellen A.
College Entrance Examination Board
There is clear evidence that the average grades earned in high school have been going up for some period of time. This study examines the question of whether students of varying backgrounds have experienced similar increases in grade point average (GPA) over a 25-plus-year period. Changes in SAT verbal and mathematical scores for the same gender and racial/ethnic groups are also examined. Trends in the grading practices of major subjects in the high school curriculum are presented, as are changes in the GPA and test scores for students clustered by the type of community in which their school is located and whether it is public or nonpublic. Three appendices are included: (1) Mean GPA by Year, Gender, Ethnicity, and Parental Education, 1976-2002; (2) Mean SAT-V and SAT-M by Year, Gender, Ethnicity, and Parental Education, 1976-2002; and (3) Ethnicity, Gender, and Parental Education.
College Entrance Examination Board. Available from: College Board. 250 Vesey Street, New York, NY 10281. Tel: 212-713-8000; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test); Student Descriptive Questionnaire