ERIC Number: ED563111
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1999
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 89
Writing Assessment in Admission to Higher Education: Review and Framework. College Board Report No. 99-3. GRE Board Research Report No. 96-12R
Breland, Hunter M.; Bridgeman, Brent; Fowles, Mary E.
College Entrance Examination Board
A comprehensive review was conducted of writing research literature and writing test program activities in a number of testing programs. The review was limited to writing assessments used for admission in higher education. Programs reviewed included ACT, Inc.'s ACT™ program, the California State Universities and Colleges (CSUC) testing program, the College Board's SAT® program, the Graduate Management Admissions Test® (GMAT®) program, the Graduate Record Examinations ® (GRE®) test program, the Law School Admission Test® (LSAT®) program, the Medical College Admission Test® (MCAT®) program, and the Test of English as a Foreign Language™ (TOEFL®) testing program. Particular attention was given in the review to writing constructs, fairness and group differences, test reliability, and predictive validity. A number of recommendations are made for research on writing assessment. Tables Summarizing Previous Studies of Mean Differences, Reliability, and Validity are provided in the appendix.
Descriptors: Writing Research, Writing Tests, Writing (Composition), Writing Instruction, Testing Programs, Standardized Tests, Test Bias, Individual Differences, Test Reliability, Test Validity, College Entrance Examinations, Graduate Study, Law Schools, Medical Schools, Language Tests, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Scoring, Multiple Choice Tests
College Entrance Examination Board. Available from: College Board. 250 Vesey Street, New York, NY 10281. Tel: 212-713-8000; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://research.collegeboard.org
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board; Educational Testing Service, Graduate Record Examination Board Program
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Graduate Management Admission Test; Graduate Record Examinations; Law School Admission Test; Medical College Admission Test; SAT (College Admission Test); Test of English as a Foreign Language