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ERIC Number: ED562879
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2001
Pages: 62
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 133
Swimming against the Tide: The Poor in American Higher Education. Research Report No. 2001-1
Terenzini, Patrick T.; Cabrera, Alberto F.; Bernal, Elena M.
College Entrance Examination Board
Despite an enormous investment in equalizing educational opportunities for all Americans, substantial evidence indicates that significant inequities remain, particularly for low-socioeconomic-status (SES) students. The report draws on an extensive review of the current research literature and contributes new analyses of national databases to fill in some of the holes in the existing literature. Among the findings are: (1) by the ninth grade, most students have developed occupational and educational expectations that are strongly related to SES; (2) parents' knowledge of financial aid, financial planning for college, and students' access to college and financial aid information are clearly associated with SES; and (3) nearly one-half of the lowest-SES-quartile high school graduates do not enroll the following fall in any postsecondary institution, a nonenrollment rate nearly five times higher than that of high-SES students. Two appendices are included: (1) Definitions of Wealth: A Review of the Literature; and (2) Sources of Data and Methodology.
College Entrance Examination Board. Available from: College Board. 250 Vesey Street, New York, NY 10281. Tel: 212-713-8000; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Association for Institutional Research
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board