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ERIC Number: ED562861
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 20
The Role of Classroom Quality in Explaining Head Start Impacts
Connors, Maia C.; Friedman-Krauss, Allison H.; Morris, Pamela A.; Page, Lindsay C.; Feller, Avi
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness
This study seeks to answer the following question: Are impacts on Head Start classroom quality associated with impacts of Head Start on children's learning and development? This study employs a variety of descriptive and quasi-experimental methods to explore the role of classroom quality as a mediator or mechanism of Head Start impacts. This research uses data from the Head Start Impact Study (HSIS) and includes 4,440 3- and 4-year-old children who were randomly assigned off a waitlist to either receive an invitation to participate in Head Start services or to the control group. Children initially applied to 351 Head Start programs across 81 Head Start grantees. A total of 2,644 children were randomized to receive Head Start services and 1,796 were randomized to the control group. Following randomization, children enrolled in a total of 1,632 classrooms across 930 Head Start and non-Head Start centers. Measures of children's cognitive skills include early receptive language, math skills, and early literacy. Classroom quality was assessed using three tools: The Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale (ECERS-R), The Family Day Care Rating Scale (FDCRS), and the Arnett Caregiver Interaction Scale (CIS). Results of the multinomial logit models indicate that random assignment to Head Start is indeed associated with increases in all three classroom quality factors. Future analyses will address critical questions about the extent to which these impacts on quality are associated with impacts on child outcomes, using a variety of analytic approaches. Tables and figures are appended.
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness. 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208. Tel: 202-495-0920; Fax: 202-640-4401; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness (SREE)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement