ERIC Number: ED562801
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
Performance by Gender on an Unconventional Verbal Reasoning Task: Answering Reading Comprehension Questions without the Passages. Report No. 95-2. ETS RR No. 95-14
Powers, Donald E.
College Entrance Examination Board
Data were reanalyzed from a previously reported study of the passage dependence of reading comprehension questions being developed for the revised SAT. The objective was to uncover any gender differences in approaches to and performance on a task requiring examinees to answer reading comprehension questions without reading the passages on which the questions were based. Verbally able males and females were compared with respect to their reported use of a variety of test-taking strategies involving reasoning, personal knowledge, and guessing. A few relatively small (and often inconsistent) differences were detected between male and female test takers. However, far more similarities than differences were noted with respect to both test performance and test-taking behavior. If these results are generalizable to more typical tests of verbal ability, they would seem to suggest that males and females employ quite similar approaches to standardized test taking.
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Gender Differences, Comparative Analysis, Test Wiseness, Test Items, College Entrance Examinations, Reading Achievement, Reading Strategies, Cognitive Processes, Guessing (Tests), Correlation, High School Students
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board; Educational Testing Service
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test); Test of Standard Written English