ERIC Number: ED562776
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1998
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
Inquiring about Examinees' Ethnicity and Sex: Effects on AP® Calculus AB Examination Performance. Report No. 98-1. ETS RR No. 98-5
Stricker, Lawrence J.
College Entrance Examination Board
Steele and Aronson (1995) found that the performance of African-American subjects on test items portrayed as a problem-solving task, in a laboratory experiment, was adversely affected when they were asked about their ethnicity. This outcome was attributed to "stereotype threat". Performance was disrupted by the subjects' concerns about fulfilling the negative stereotype concerning African Americans' intellectual ability. Extending that research, this field experiment evaluated the effects of inquiring about ethnicity and sex on the performance of examinees taking the Advanced Placement Program Calculus AB Examination in an actual test administration. With a minor exception, this inquiry had no statistically and practically significant effects on the test performance of African-American, female, or other subgroups of examinees. Answer sheets are appended.
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Ethnic Groups, Test Items, Problem Solving, Ethnic Stereotypes, Test Bias, Social Influences, Cognitive Ability, African Americans, Gender Differences, Advanced Placement Programs, Calculus, High School Students, Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Comparative Analysis, Correlation, Scores, Statistical Analysis, Racial Differences
College Entrance Examination Board. Available from: College Board. 250 Vesey Street, New York, NY 10281. Tel: 212-713-8000; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://research.collegeboard.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board; Educational Testing Service
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Advanced Placement Examinations (CEEB)