ERIC Number: ED562676
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 12
Everyone Gains: Extracurricular Activities in High School and Higher SAT® Scores. Research Report No. 2005-2
Everson, Howard T.; Millsap, Roger E.
This report presents evidence that links participation in extracurricular activities (ECAs) in high school with higher SAT Reasoning Test™ (SAT®) scores. Using structural equation models (SEMs) with latent means, we analyzed data from a national sample of college-bound high school students. A series of structural equation models--isolating the influence of ECAs on SAT verbal and mathematics scores--were fit simultaneously to eight subgroups (disaggregated by both gender and ethnicity) of high school students. The SEMs analyses suggest: (1) that often observed group differences in SAT scores shrink, and (2) that students' levels of participation in ECAs in high school are related to meaningful gains in SAT scores, once the influences of socioeconomic background and academic achievement are controlled statistically. These analyses suggest that participation in ECAs benefits minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged students as much as, or more than, economically advantaged white students. These findings support the conclusion that supplementary education programs benefit minorities and disadvantaged high school students who are often ill-served by traditional academic curricula.
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Extracurricular Activities, Scores, Structural Equation Models, College Bound Students, Student Participation, Differences, Minority Group Students, Economically Disadvantaged, Academic Achievement
College Board. 250 Vesey Street, New York, NY 10281. Tel: 212-713-8000; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://research.collegeboard.org
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: College Board
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)