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ERIC Number: ED562624
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 55
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
The Value of Smarter Teachers: International Evidence on Teacher Cognitive Skills and Student Performance. Program on Education Policy and Governance Working Papers Series. PEPG 14-06
Hanushek, Eric A.; Piopiunik, Marc; Wiederhold, Simon
Program on Education Policy and Governance
Differences in teacher quality are commonly cited as a key determinant of the huge international student performance gaps. However, convincing evidence on this relationship is still lacking, in part because it is unclear how to measure teacher quality consistently across countries. We use unique international assessment data to investigate the role of teacher cognitive skills as one main dimension of teacher quality in explaining student outcomes. Our main identification strategy exploits exogenous variation in teacher cognitive skills attributable to international differences in relative wages of nonteacher public sector employees. Using student-level test score data, we find that teacher cognitive skills are an important determinant of international differences in student performance. Results are supported by fixed-effects estimation that uses within-country between-subject variation in teacher skills.
Program on Education Policy and Governance. Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, 79 John F. Kennedy Street, Taubman 304, Cambridge, MA 02138. Tel: 617-495-7976; Fax: 617-496-4428; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Fritz Thyssen Foundation (Germany)
Authoring Institution: Harvard University, Program on Education Policy and Governance
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Austria; Belgium; Canada; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Italy; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Poland; Russia; Slovakia; South Korea; Spain; Sweden; United Kingdom; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment