ERIC Number: ED562550
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 98
Burnout and Depression: Two Entities or One?
Schonfeld, Irvin Sam; Bianchi, Renzo
Online Submission, Journal of Clinical Psychology v72 n1 p22-37 Jan 2016
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the overlap in burnout and depression. Method: The sample comprised 1,386 schoolteachers (mean [M][subscript age] = 43; M[subscript years taught] = 15; 77% women) from 18 different U.S. states. We assessed burnout, using the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure, and depression, using the depression module of the Patient Health Questionnaire. Results: Treated dimensionally, burnout and depressive symptoms were strongly correlated (0.77; disattenuated correlation, 0.84). Burnout and depressive symptoms were similarly correlated with each of 3 stress-related factors, stressful life events, job adversity, and workplace support. In categorical analyses, 86% of the teachers identified as burned out met criteria for a provisional diagnosis of depression. Exploratory analyses revealed a link between burnout and anxiety. Conclusions: This study provides evidence that past research has underestimated burnout-depression overlap. The state of burnout is likely to be a form of depression. Given the magnitude of burnout-depression overlap, treatments for depression may help workers identified as "burned out."
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas; California; Idaho; Indiana; Maine; Massachusetts; Minnesota; Missouri; Montana; Nebraska; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New York; Ohio; Rhode Island; Washington; Wyoming