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ERIC Number: ED562372
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Pages: 4
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 5
The Design of the Test Format for Tablet Computers in Blended Learning Environments: A Study of the Test Approach-Avoidance Tendency of University Students
Kitazawa, Takeshi
International Association for Development of the Information Society, Paper presented at the International Association for Development of the Information Society (IADIS) International Conference on e-Learning (Prague, Czech Republic, Jul 23-26, 2013)
This study analyzed effective test formats that utilized tablets for tests in university information basic subjects in blended learning environments. Specifically, three types of test were created: (1) multiple-choice, (2) fill-in-the-blank, and (3) a mixture of multiple-choice and fill-in-the-blank. An analysis focusing on university students' approach-avoidance tendency was conducted to see how the question formats affected the students' motivations toward the tests. The results showed that regardless of the test approach-avoidance tendency, the students had a low perception of their understanding of the content of multiple-choice tests, even though they reported that they did not feel burdened in answering the questions. Additionally, although the students had a high perception of knowledge retention with fill-in-the-blank questions, their willingness to answer the questions and the percentage of questions they answered correctly were low. On the other hand, students had a high perception of continuity and a high percentage of correct answers on the test with a mixture of multiple-choice and fill-in-the-blank questions. Additionally, they had a high perception of knowledge retention in the mixed test, suggesting that this format had the strongest effect among the three test formats. [For the full proceedings see ED562127.]
International Association for the Development of the Information Society. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan