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ERIC Number: ED562168
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2015
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 6
City Connects: Building an Argument for Effects on Student Achievement with a Quasi-Experimental Design
Walsh, Mary; Raczek, Anastasia; Sibley, Erin; Lee-St. John, Terrence; An, Chen; Akbayin, Bercem; Dearing, Eric; Foley, Claire
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness
While randomized experimental designs are the gold standard in education research concerned with causal inference, non-experimental designs are ubiquitous. For researchers who work with non-experimental data and are no less concerned for causal inference, the major problem is potential omitted variable bias. In this presentation, the authors provide an overview of a multi-year effort for the evaluation of a large-scale, school-based intervention for which a randomized design has not yet been possible to implement, but for which there are rich, longitudinal data and many opportunities to exploit design features to ask: does the intervention promote the achievement of children in high-poverty, urban schools? City Connects is a student support intervention that has demonstrated positive outcomes for elementary and middle school students. It is designed to address the out-of-school needs that can impact success in school for low-income, urban students. Having observed positive outcomes on academic achievement for students attending City Connects schools via quasi-experimental methods the authors sought to assess whether the findings can be considered a result of the intervention. In conclusion, the authors recommended that other school-based interventions that cannot feasibly use a randomized control design instead employ a range of methods aimed at reducing endogeneity and getting closer to understanding whether a causal relationship might exist between the intervention and its outcomes. Tables and Figures are appended.
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness. 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208. Tel: 202-495-0920; Fax: 202-640-4401; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness (SREE)
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts