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ERIC Number: ED561307
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Pages: 27
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Access and Equity for All Learners in Blended and Online Education
Rose, Raymond
International Association for K-12 Online Learning
Online education has become an accepted part of the educational landscape over the past two decades. Digital resources are the norm in classrooms. The expectation is that all students will benefit from technology some way. In order for that to be the case, however, sometimes more overt action is needed to ensure that all students do in fact get full benefit of digital resources and online learning. Equity in education has been a basic tenet of public education in the United States, made explicit by civil rights legislation beginning with passage of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). Subsequently, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act, and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act in 2004 ensured civil rights protection for people with disabilities. Unfortunately, legislation alone does not guarantee that all students will be provided with the access and equity necessary to take full advantage of the educational opportunities all students are entitled to. The increasing role of technology to deliver content and instruction presents challenges for all educational programs, including blended and online learning. The goal of this publication is to raise awareness amongst educators, especially those in the blended and online community, of the importance of ensuring that all students are able to take advantage of all educational opportunities available to them. Its purpose is to provide guidance, direction, and resources to help programs meet their moral, ethical, and legal obligations to best ensure all students have access to the educational opportunities provided for them in online and digital learning. Four appendices are included: (1) Federal and State Legal Requirements for Equal Education Opportunity and Access; (2) List of links to guidance documents issued by OCR that provide detailed information about issues of access (3) List of resources; and (4) Information on screen readers.
International Association for K-12 Online Learning. 1934 Old Gallows Road Suite 350, Vienna, VA 22182. Tel: 888-956-2265; Tel: 703-752-6216; Fax: 703-752-6201; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Association for K-12 Online Learning
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990; Civil Rights Act 1964 Title VI; Education Amendments 1972; Elementary and Secondary Education Act; Equal Educational Opportunities Act 1974; Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act 2004; Lau v Nichols; Rehabilitation Act 1973 (Section 504); Title IX Education Amendments 1972