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ERIC Number: ED561118
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 99
Breaking the Cycle of Disadvantage: Early Childhood Interventions and Progression to Higher Education in Europe. Research Report
Guerin, Benoit
RAND Europe
The early years of childhood are crucial for the development of the cognitive and social-behavioural skills of an adult. Thus, they represent a unique challenge and opportunity to invest in children. Extensive research has shown that Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) is effective in tackling the inequality which can tend to spring from different experiences during these early years, and that ECEC can help to break the cycle of disadvantage. Experts have concluded that most of the gaps in cognitive ability that partly explain discrepancies in adult outcomes already exist at the age of five, emphasising the crucial role of early intervention, and the relatively minor role of subsequent schooling by comparison. One potential long-term measure of the success of ECEC is access to higher education, particularly for underrepresented groups, such as those from low socio-economic status (SES) backgrounds. However, the magnitude of this unused potential has not yet been fully investigated in Europe, although the long-term returns of interventions and their ability to raise academic standards have been documented, as have the benefits of ECEC in the United States. What is clear is that in the long term, ECEC can boost the academic abilities of disadvantaged students, thus enabling them to pursue higher studies.
RAND Europe. Westbrook Centre, Milton Road, Cambridge CB4 1YG, United Kingdom. Tel: +44-1223-353-329; Fax: +44-1223-358-845; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: RAND Europe; European Union (EU) (Belgium); European Commission
Identifiers - Location: European Union