ERIC Number: ED561064
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Attaining Equitable Distribution of Effective Teachers in Public Schools
Partee, Glenda L.
Center for American Progress
Since Congress passed the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, or NCLB, much has transpired in K-12 public education. NCLB, the most recent iteration of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, or ESEA, sought to ensure that all children have the equal opportunity for a high-quality education, established criteria for highly qualified teachers, and required all students to be taught by "highly qualified" teachers by 2006. Education is now at a junction where the current law focused on teacher-quality measures exists along with emerging new criteria, policies, and useful tools to help determine access to and equitable distribution of effective teachers. This is an opportunity to reset the old and align with the new. It is now possible to address concerns about teacher quality in broader, more creative ways that incorporate thoughtful approaches to prepare teachers and school leaders to successfully support learning for all students; hire and recruit the best future educators based on evidence of their performance; reward and retain the best teachers we have in place; create work environments capable of supporting and sustaining a well-prepared and effective teacher workforce; and address the structural causes of inequitable teacher distribution embedded in how we fund and staff our schools. This report explores shifts in policy and practice at this juncture and explores a range of state policy levers that can be used to improve the overall quality of the educator workforce as a larger strategy to ensure that all students have access to effective teachers. Furthermore, this report addresses federal oversight of teacher-equity provisions in current education law and efforts to encourage states to build rigorous systems of educator evaluation and support. The authors include examples of promising models and strategies to ensure that poor students and students of color have strong and effective teachers and illustrate the potential for extra efforts and investments in schools in need of qualified and effective educators. The following are appended: (1) Definitions of teacher-quality and effectiveness terms; and (2) Examples of state strategies in revised equity plans.
Descriptors: Teacher Distribution, Teacher Effectiveness, Equal Education, Public Schools, State Policy, Educational Policy, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Models
Center for American Progress. 1333 H Street NW 10th Floor, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: 202-682-1611; Web site: http://www.americanprogress.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: Center for American Progress
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001