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ERIC Number: ED560673
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Dec
Pages: 74
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 71
Screen Twice, Cut Once: Assessing the Predictive Validity of Teacher Selection Tools. Working Paper 120
Goldhaber, Dan; Grout, Cyrus; Huntington-Klein, Nick
National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER)
Evidence suggests that teacher hiring in public schools is ad hoc and often fails to result in good selection among applicants. Some districts use structured selection instruments in the hiring process, but we know little about the efficacy of such tools. In this paper, we evaluate the ability of applicant selection tools used by the Spokane Public Schools to predict three outcomes: measures of teachers' value-added contributions to student learning, teacher absence behavior, and attrition rates. We observe all applicants to the district and are therefore able to estimate sample selection-corrected models, using random tally errors in selection instruments and differences in the quality of competition across job postings. These two factors influence the probability of being hired by Spokane Public Schools but are unrelated to measures of teacher performance. We find that the screening instruments predict teacher value added in student achievement and teacher attrition but not teacher absences. A one-standard-deviation increase in screening scores is associated with an increase of between 0.03 and 0.07 standard deviations in student achievement and a decrease in teacher attrition of 2.5 percentage points. The following are appended: (1) Tables and Figures; (2) Screening Rubrics and Generation of Applicant Data; and (3) Supplemental Descriptive and Regression Tables.
National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research. American Institutes for Research, 1000 Thomas Jefferson Street NW, Washington, DC 20007. Tel: 202-403-5000; Fax: 202-403-5454; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER) at American Institutes for Research
Identifiers - Location: Washington
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305C130030|R305A060018