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ERIC Number: ED560137
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Title II of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Expert Convening Summary
McKay, Sarah
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
On December 5, 2014, the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching's DC office hosted an invitation-only gathering of fifteen federal, state, and local education policy experts in both the public and nonprofit sectors. The goal of the meeting was to explore strategies to improve Title II, Part A of the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act in anticipation of the Act's reauthorization. During this meeting participants were encouraged to think about the teacher-quality problem in new ways by first fully exploring the root causes of the issue, which often go unexamined in the fast-moving world of public policy. Using improvement-science techniques developed by the Carnegie Foundation to help educators and education policymakers see in their entirety the ways that systems produce problematic outcomes, participants explored the root causes of this problem statement: "The public education system is not adequately recruiting, retaining, and supporting a high-quality/effective teacher workforce for all students." The exploration process involved identifying the major sources of the recruitment, retention, and support problem, and then producing a comprehensive mapping of the contributing factors in each major category. It yielded a variety of insights that may not have surfaced had the group jumped right into solutions without first seeing the system as a whole. Recommendations emerged on the distribution of Title II funds, spending priorities, the collection and report of spending data, and the communication of program expectations to funding recipients. In exploring the reasons why public education does not adequately recruit, retain, and support a high quality teaching workforce, participants identified six major problem areas: preparation, leadership, development, job design, culture/norms, and compensation. These areas provided the basis for an in-depth analysis of the teacher-quality challenge. This report provides details of the following recommendations that were a result of the expert convention: (1) Changing the way states and LEAs receive Title II, Part A funds; (2) Changing which activities are funded by Title II, Part A; (3) Changing the data systems and reporting around Title II, Part A; and (4) Changing the communication about and purpose of Title II, Part A. The following are appended: (1) Complete List of Root Causes as Expanded from Figure 1; and (2) Complete List of Participants' Ideas for Changing Title II.
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 51 Vista Lane, Stanford, CA 94305. Tel: 650-566-5102; Fax: 650-326-0278; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Joyce Foundation
Authoring Institution: Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title II