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ERIC Number: ED560040
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 16
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-890624-37-8
Michigan School Privatization Survey 2014
Hohman, James M.; Woodman, Zachary D.
Mackinac Center for Public Policy
In 2003, when it came to contracting out for common public school services, only outsourcing food provision could be considered a rather common occurrence in Michigan. There was good reason for this: school districts are prohibited from making a profit from their cafeteria, but any deficits created in providing food for students must be covered by general school funds. When deficits occurred, school officials often looked for outside help from food service management companies. Contracting out for the two other most common non-instructional school services--custodial and transportation services--was rare in 2003. Only one out of 15 districts contracted out for custodial services and even fewer for transportation--one out of 26. Since 2003, however, there has been an explosion of privatization in these areas. This survey finds that in 2014, more school districts contracted out for food, custodial, and transportation services than ever before. However, the rate of annual increase in the number of districts that contract out was less than in previous years. Contracting increased from 66.2 percent of districts in 2013 to 66.6 percent of districts in 2014. The average rate of increase over the last five years was 4.3 percentage points. There may be many factors contributing to this slowed rate of growth in school privatization. While the percentage of districts grew only slightly from 2013 to 2014, the number of districts that privatized increased at higher rates than the overall number of districts that contract out support services in each of the categories surveyed--custodial, food, or transportation. The following are appended: (1) Revisions to Previous Publications; and (2) Map of Survey Findings by School District. [For the 2013 edition of this report, see ED560041.]
Mackinac Center for Public Policy. 140 West Main Street, P.O. Box 568, Midland, MI 48640. Tel: 800-224-3327; Tel: 989-631-0900; Fax: 989-631-0964; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Mackinac Center for Public Policy
Identifiers - Location: Michigan