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ERIC Number: ED559964
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 258
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3033-3272-2
ISSN: N/A
STEM in the Ohio Labor Market: A Mismatch or a Missed Opportunity?
Edwards, Stacia Lynn
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania
The relationship between the supply of educated workers and the talent demands of employers is complex. Declining educational attainment levels in the US have been identified as a possible cause for the reported mismatch between the availability of talent that businesses want to hire and the talent available in the labor market, especially in the area of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between new STEM associate and bachelor degree graduates and the labor market in Ohio to determine whether there was a gap between employer demand and the supply of new STEM graduates. Using a parallel mixed methods design, employment outcomes and employer perceptions of the availability of new STEM graduates were explored. The state data system created to link education and labor market data in Ohio was used to compare the labor market experience of new STEM graduates from the public University System of Ohio (USO) 6 months after graduation in 2000, 2005, and 2010. In-depth interviews were conducted with nine Ohio employers in industries that hire new STEM graduates to gauge whether or not there was an adequate supply of new STEM graduates in the labor market. The labor market experiences of new STEM graduates were compared between the variables of industry, school, degree, major, age, and sex. Differences were found in both employment outcomes and salaries between the variables and over time using descriptive statistics. There were a larger number of STEM graduates from the USO in 2010 than in 2000 or 2005, yet fewer were being employed in Ohio 6 months after graduation in 2010 than in 2005. While the Ohio economy may have impacted the hiring of the new graduates, the interviews revealed that the employers have a requirement for experience for new hires. The Ohio employers expressed difficulty finding minority and female candidates as well as graduates with specific STEM majors. Overall, there was agreement from those interviewed that there was not a shortage of new STEM graduates in Ohio. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ohio