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ERIC Number: ED559834
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 150
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3033-3883-0
ISSN: N/A
The Effect of Intentional Remediation to Mitigate Attrition Rates in a Nursing Program: An Action Research Study
O'Neal, Michelle
ProQuest LLC, D.Ed. Dissertation, Capella University
A trend in high end-of-year academic attrition creates a negative impact on an institution's mission and in the community. In the community, attrition reduces the number of potential nurses during a looming nursing shortage predicted by the American Nurses' Association (2001). The mission of one two-year college is to produce successful nursing candidates that reflect the success of the institution. A progression policy is in place to grant graduation and licensure to those meeting a prescribed benchmark. Students who do not meet the benchmark contribute to the upward trend in end-of-year attrition. The expectation of faculty is that all students independently remediate to prepare for the high-stakes exit exam. Past research contributes to the evidence that "at-risk" or marginal students are not likely to voluntarily self-remediate. In an effort to retain and graduate as many nursing students as possible, a remediation strategy was necessary to improve successful program progression. A review of Bandura's works on self-efficacy, action science research, and systems theory provided the theoretical framework for the issue and intentional remediation intervention. The study evaluated the implementation of a compulsory remediation procedure on marginal students' self-efficacy, E[superscript 2] scores, and academic attrition. A triadic approach to the remediation included faculty guidance, students' self-identified persistence motivators, and Elsevier's, the publisher of the E[superscript 2], online case studies. In spite of an increase in the use of Elsevier's online case studies, there is only limited research on their efficacy to improve student outcomes. This action research study utilized a mixed-research design through the collection and reporting of both quantitative and qualitative data. This study investigated the level of self-efficacy pre- and post-intervention and student reports of motivators to persist in the nursing program. Participants' level of self-efficacy remained unchanged, but participants' initial self-efficacy was adequate. Twenty-five associate degree nursing students in their final semester participated in the study. An improvement of subsequent E[superscript 2] scores in the study group and a decrease in attrition at the end of the year when compared with the non-study group was found. This study supports prior literature that family and resiliency are beneficial to student persistence. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A