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ERIC Number: ED559272
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jul
Pages: 12
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
The Reading Gap: The Socio-Economic Gap in Children's Reading Skills: A Cross-National Comparison Using PISA 2009
Jerrim, John
Sutton Trust
This report supplements Jerrim (2012) where John Jerrim investigated the link between family background and children's reading tests across a series of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. Previous studies for the Sutton Trust (Smithers 2012) have suggested that policy and provision for the highly able in England is in a mess and that England has only 1.7% of children in the top Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) math performance level compared to 15.6% in Hong Kong and 15.6% in Singapore. This report builds upon that work using a different methodological approach to investigate the link between family background and reading performance. The focus of this study is on two particular groups of children: (1) those from advantaged family backgrounds; and (2) Those from disadvantaged backgrounds. In this report, the author has extended the 2012 study by considering differences between boys and girls. The data are drawn from the 2009 round of the PISA; a study of 15 year olds' achievement held every three years. Results show that children from the poorest backgrounds are two years, four months of schooling behind children from the wealthiest backgrounds at age 15. This report recommends that there should be a targeted scheme for highly able students from low and middle income homes and there should be clearer recognition of their attainment in the revised school league tables. Methodological details are appended.
Sutton Trust. 9th Floor Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP. Tel: +44-20-7802-1660; E-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sutton Trust (England)
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Canada; Mexico; New Zealand; Turkey; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment