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ERIC Number: ED559263
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Oct
Pages: 57
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 89
What Makes Great Teaching? Review of the Underpinning Research
Coe, Robert; Aloisi, Cesare; Higgins, Steve; Major, Lee Elliot
Sutton Trust
This report reviews over 200 pieces of research to identify the elements of teaching with the strongest evidence of improving attainment. It finds some common practices can be harmful to learning and have no grounding in research. Specific practices which are supported by good evidence of their effectiveness are also examined and six key factors that contribute to great teaching are identified. The report also analyses different methods of evaluating teaching including: using "value-added" results from student test scores; observing classroom teaching; and getting students to rate the quality of their teaching. The two factors with the strongest evidence of improving pupil attainment are: (1) teachers' content knowledge, including their ability to understand how students think about a subject and identify common misconceptions; and (2) quality of instruction, which includes using strategies like effective questioning and the use of assessment. Specific practices which have good evidence of improving attainment include: (1) challenging students to identify the reason why an activity is taking place in the lesson; (2) asking a large number of questions and checking the responses of all students; (3) spacing-out study or practice on a given topic, with gaps in between for forgetting; and (4) making students take tests or generate answers, even before they have been taught the material. Common practices which are not supported by evidence include: (1) using praise lavishly; (2) allowing learners to discover key ideas by themselves; (3) grouping students by ability; and (4) presenting information to students based on their "preferred learning style". Original research questions are appended. [The Centre for Evaluation & Monitoring and Durham University contributed to the production of this report.]
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Tests/Questionnaires; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Sutton Trust (England)