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ERIC Number: ED559197
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 8
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
A Snapshot of After-School Program Research Literature. Research Watch. D&A Report No. 13.10
Rhea, Anisa
Wake County Public School System
After-school programs, also commonly referred to as out-of-school time and expanded learning opportunities, are typically described as safe, structured programs that offer an array of adult supervised activities to promote the learning and development of kindergarten through high school students outside of the school day (Beckett et al., 2009; Harvard Family Research Project, 2008; Lauer et al., 2004). Most after-school programs operate for two to three hours after the school day ends, although they also occur over the summer break, and less frequently before school, on the weekends, and during school holidays (Afterschool Alliance, 2013a; Lauer et al., 2004; Harvard Family Research Project, 2008). A wide range of after-school programs have become available to students in grades K-12 over the past 15 years. Programs are generally grouped within those meeting needs related to academic performance (such as improved school attendance, grades, and achievement scores), social/emotional development, and prevention/behavioral outcomes. High quality studies have identified key components of the most effective after-school programs. Programs best support effective outcomes when they are directed by a clear vision, yet flexible to the changing needs of participants; managed by high quality staff who maintain an adult to student ratio between 1:10 and 1:16, and operate for a sufficient length of time (at least 45 hours). Active and consistent student participation in the program is also necessary to reap the full benefits. Additionally, partnerships with schools, families, and the community strengthen after-school programs. Depending on the type of program and how costs are measured, the annual cost can range between $450 and $7,000 per child. A list of resources is included.
Wake County Public School System. 5625 Dillard Drive, Cary, NC 27518. Tel: 919-431-7215; Fax: 919-431-7193; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wake County Public School System (WCPSS)
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina