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ERIC Number: ED558950
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 110
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3032-8946-0
College Students' Beliefs and Values Regarding Spirituality and Religion at a Selected Great Plains University
Shuler, Brian S.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, University of South Dakota
The debate over religion and spirituality in higher education and their relevance to higher education is continual. Rockenback (2011) outlined the relevance in asserting that because religion and spirituality are part of the whole person, they are also part of the traditional value of the whole person. This traditional value of religion and spirituality as being part of the whole person has led many scholars to study religion and spirituality (Astin, Astin, & Lindholm, 2011; Buchko, 2004; Capeheart-Meningall, 2005; Fowler, 1995; Lovik, 2010; Parks, 2000; Tisdell, 2003), including college students (Astin et al., 2011; Buchko, 2004; Capeheart-Meningall, 2005; Lovik, 2010; Tisdell, 2003). As a result the implementation of practices designed to foster the spiritual development of college students has followed. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between students' beliefs regarding spirituality and their beliefs regarding formal religion. Analysis included the population as a whole and the demographics of class rank and religious affiliation as bases. The instrumentation used the "2007 College Students Beliefs and Values" Survey by Astin et al. (2011). The population was approximately 7,500 undergraduate students enrolled at a Great Plains university. The sample was 1,000 with 42 students participating or a 4.2% response rate. The methods of analysis were descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation, and multiple linear regression. The findings of this study indicate that the students' beliefs toward spirituality are more positive than those of religiousness. Additionally, class rank showed no impact on spirituality or religiousness, while religious affiliation showed an impact on religiousness but not spirituality. The significance was that students grouped as Christian had more favorable attitudes toward formal religion than students grouped in an Other category that included atheists, agnostics, and Christians not identifying as among the major Christian religions. Lastly, religiousness and religious affiliation moderately influence spirituality. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A