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ERIC Number: ED558910
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 321
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: 978-1-3032-7665-1
Bridging the Gap by Educating Expelled Students: A Program Evaluation
Stephens, Sonya T.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Cardinal Stritch University
Every child has a right to a free public education. However, once students violate school board policies their right to a free education is threatened. With the implementation of zero-tolerance policies, students are expelled from schools for incidents that would have resulted in suspensions in the past and a gap in their education is created (Johnson, 2011). Many districts have opted to offer alternative programs to expelled students providing them an opportunity to continue their education without interruption (Smith, 2012). Although research on the level of impact these programs have had on expelled students is limited, the literature supports the benefits which lead to improvement academically, socially and behaviorally (Elias, 2011; Goldenson, 2013). This study evaluated an alternative program designed to serve students who had been expelled to determine if the goals of the program were met. This study employed the techniques of archival data analysis, document analysis, and survey research. A paired-samples t-test was conducted to determine if there were significant changes in students' reading and math scores, and grade point averages. A repeated-measures ANCOVA (analysis of covariance) was also performed to determine if there were significant decreases in student attendance and out-of-school suspensions. Descriptive statistics were calculated on the number of credits earned by participating students. Additionally, several bivariate Pearson correlations were calculated to determine if there was a significant relationship among the number of days in the program and post-test scores on reading, math, grade point average, attendance, and out-of-school suspensions. A document analysis was also conducted to gather detailed information about the program. Finally, quantitative and qualitative information were collected from a survey of students and parents to determine their perceptions of the program. Overall the results indicated that the majority of the program's goals were met resulting in improved student achievement and behavior. Students perceived the program as having a positive impact on their ability to learn and control their behaviors. Students also felt a sense of belonging and that their teachers cared about them. Similarly, parents indicated that their children did well academically and emphasized that the program addressed the needs of their children.. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A