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ERIC Number: ED558739
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Pages: 160
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
New York State's Extreme School Segregation: Inequality, Inaction and a Damaged Future
Kucsera, John
Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles
The fight for equal educational opportunity in New York has followed a pattern similar to other diverse or racially transforming states. From the 1950s to 1980s, the issue of school desegregation was an important issue. Local civil rights pressure, the courts, and legislation attempted to desegregate large urban school systems through both voluntary school choice programs and involuntary reassignment plans. Over the last 20 years, however, most desegregation policies have been abandoned, as minorities continue to grow and reside in isolated neighborhoods, and leaders shift focus onto neighborhood schools and the provision of equitable school funding or resources. School segregation has persisted or increased across the state--one of the main explorations of this report. In this report, first is provided a brief overview of the history of desegregation in New York. Following is a review of over sixty years of social science research to determine possible harms of segregation and the benefits of well-designed diverse schools. Next, demographic and segregation patterns over the last twenty years for the state are explored, preceded by a brief description of the data and methodology. These same trends are also explored for the large New York metropolitan area and its various regions (including Long Island and Yonkers), followed by the state's four main upstate metropolitan areas (Albany, Buffalo, Rochester, and Syracuse). Within the metropolitan area analyses, the report briefly delves into the degree and type of racial transition within the largest school districts. These findings are discussed, along with a number of legal and policy recommendations for the state and key metropolitan areas. The report contains an appendix of additional data tables. [The report was written with Gary Orfield. This is the fifth of thirteen in a series of special reports on public school segregation in Eastern states. These studies explore trends in enrollment and school segregation patterns from 1989 to 2010 at the state and regional levels, including various metro areas for each state.]
Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles. 8370 Math Sciences, P.O. Box 951521, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1521. Tel: 310-267-5562; Fax: 310-206-6293; e-mail: crp@ucla.edu; Web site: http://www.civilrightsproject.ucla.edu
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: University of California, Los Angeles. Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles
Identifiers - Location: New York
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education; Civil Rights Act 1964