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ERIC Number: ED558265
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 122
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3038-2040-3
ISSN: N/A
American Voice Types: Towards a Vocal Typology for American English
McPeek, Tyler
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Florida
Individual voices are not uniformly similar to others, even when factoring out speaker characteristics such as sex, age, dialect, and so on. Some speakers share common features and can cohere into groups based on gross vocal similarity but, to date, no attempt has been made to describe these features systematically or to generate a taxonomy based on such "voice types." For this purpose, perceived similarity judgments of voice pairs using a database of 100 female and male American English voices were collected and submitted to a hierarchical clustering analysis to generate the initial groupings of individual voices into types, separately for female and male voices. These types, in turn, were labeled based on auditory judgments by expert listeners on nominal scales (e.g., voice quality, mean pitch, pitch variability, and speaking rate) as well as an initial acoustic analysis using automated measures. The new typology revealed a total of 9 female and 10 male voice types, with voice quality, mean pitch, and pitch variability playing the largest roles in determining the taxonomy for both sexes. This new vocal typology of American voices, along with future study and revision, will find utility in academia (phonetics, discourse, sociolinguistics, genetics, and other fields), forensic linguistics, public and private sector business and marketing, voice acting, and public interest. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A