ERIC Number: ED557994
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar-18
Reference Count: N/A
State Education Trends: Academic Performance and Spending over the Past 40 Years. Policy Analysis No. 746
Coulson, Andrew J.
Long-term trends in academic performance and spending are valuable tools for evaluating past education policies and informing current ones. But such data have been scarce at the state level, where the most important education policy decisions are made. State spending data exist reaching back to the 1960s, but the figures have been scattered across many different publications. State-level academic performance data are either nonexistent prior to 1990 or, as in the case of the SAT, are unrepresentative of statewide student populations. Using a time-series regression approach described in a separate publication, this paper adjusts state SAT score averages for factors such as participation rate and student demographics, which are known to affect outcomes, then validates the results against recent state-level National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) test scores. This produces continuous, state-representative estimated SAT score trends reaching back to 1972. This report charts these trends against both inflation-adjusted per pupil spending and the raw, unadjusted SAT results, providing an unprecedented perspective on American education inputs and outcomes over the past 40 years. A list of related publications and a list of recent studies in the CATO Institute Policy Analysis Series is included.
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Academic Achievement, Educational Finance, College Entrance Examinations, National Competency Tests, Expenditure per Student, Scores, Outcomes of Education, Elementary Secondary Education
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Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: Cato Institute
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress; SAT (College Admission Test)