ERIC Number: ED557787
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Sep-26
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
PTSD in Children and Adolescents: The Aftermath of Parental Incarceration among Children and Adolescents within the African-American Community
Smith, Angie J.
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) resulting from parental incarceration upon children and adolescents in an African-American community. Methodology: Much of the literature on posttraumatic stress disorder focuses on children and adolescents that have been exposed to a one-time event (e.g. school shooting, natural disaster), failing to take into consideration chronic traumatization over a period of time. Most children have been exposed to multiple forms of trauma such as divorce, domestic violence, physical injury, physical/sexual abuse and parental incarceration. All of which can result in psychopathology. Results: Results indicate that the consequences of parental incarceration on children have received least attention in academic research, prison statistics, public policy and media coverage. Conclusion: The hardship of an incarcerated parent exacerbates psychopathology. Children typically display short-term coping responses to deal with their loss, which can develop into long-term emotional and behavioral challenges, such as anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, problems with school, delinquency, antisocial behaviors and drug use.
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Parents, Children, Adolescents, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Stress Variables, Violence, Trauma, Psychopathology, Coping, Stress Management, Emotional Disturbances, Behavior Problems, Anxiety, Depression (Psychology), Delinquency, Antisocial Behavior, Drug Abuse, Intervention, Behavior Modification, Drug Therapy, African Americans, At Risk Persons, Minority Groups
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A