ERIC Number: ED557403
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
Play and Creativity at the Center of Curriculum and Assessment: A New York City School's Journey to Re-Think Curricular Pedagogy
Russo, Lindsey H.
Online Submission, Bordón. Revista de Pedagogía v61 n1 p131-146 2013
The learning experiences of young children cannot be conveniently separated into the areas of cognitive, social/emotional and physical development. They are integrated and interdependent. This balance can be achieved through creative, interactive play that supports and scaffolds all developmental and content areas of the curriculum. Despite the strength of supportive theory and research, we are experiencing the gradual elimination of play and creative experiences from early childhood classrooms in the USA. The 2001 No Child Left Behind legislation in the USA emphasizes an academic orientation and focuses early childhood curricula upon academic skills such as reading, writing, and numeracy. However, the problem is not simply pedagogical strategy or philosophical stance. The way in which a curriculum is implemented is also influenced by teachers' perceptions of play and creativity. In 2009 I began a longitudinal study that follows the pilot class of a new Independent elementary school in New York City as it adds a grade level each year and whose curricular framework is based upon play and creativity. This paper identifies the values, mission and model of the school. It also explores and documents how the curriculum is being developed to support and scaffold increased academic expectations, the role of teachers and children in the implementation of the curriculum and the changing perspectives, perceptions and expectations of parents and teachers.
Descriptors: Play, Creativity, Urban Schools, Longitudinal Studies, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Imagination, Evaluation Methods, Student Evaluation, Observation, Documentation, Content Analysis, Interviews, Audio Equipment, Video Technology, Journal Writing, Child Development, Problem Solving, Thinking Skills, Instructional Effectiveness, Institutional Mission, Educational Environment, Teaching Methods, Qualitative Research
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York