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ERIC Number: ED557041
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 169
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3210-6777-4
The Impact of NCAA Reclassification on Academic Success Rates
Chandler, Jason I.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Sam Houston State University
Higher education institutions choose to invest in upward reclassification for their athletics program with anticipation of generating increased revenue and exposure for their school; however, this could have a detrimental effect on their student-athletes' academic progress. This study examined the relationship between four classifications of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football-playing institutions and the academic success rates of their football programs. The study sought to discover if the 16 schools that upwardly reclassified from the Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) to the Football Bowl Subdivision (PBS) between 1995 and 2007 achieved lower rates of student-athlete academic success compared with rates of student-athletes at other Division I football programs. A publicly-available NCAA database of academic success rates was used to gather Academic Progress Rate (APR) and Graduation Success Rate (GSR) data for 245 Division I football-playing schools from the 2004-2005 academic year to 2011-2012. Multiple ANOVA and regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the APR and GSR differences across NCAA subdivision, team winning percentage, athletics operating budget and years since reclassification. The study found that academic success rates for reclassified schools were noticeably lower than schools in other Division I football subdivisions, and APR data resulted in statistically significant differences across subdivisions during the 8 years of data. Team winning percentage was also found to predict APR changes at public institutions at a statistically significant level. From the outcomes of the data analysis, it was suggested that reclassification decision-makers thoroughly vet the potential for changes in the academic profile of student-athletes as a result of reclassification. Further research is needed regarding the implications of reclassification on student-athlete academic success. This endeavor should be aided with an increasing population of schools undergoing upward reclassification at the Division I level. Finally, the NCAA should take a more active role in reclassification research and adopt a penalty structure for academic success rates that combines APR and GSR components. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A