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ERIC Number: ED556583
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 101
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3037-0029-3
Sexual Health Issues Related to College Students and the Use of on Campus Health Clinics for Treatment and Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections
Gilbreath, Carla
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, TUI University
Using the Health Belief Model as a conceptual framework, this study examined university students who may seek access to healthcare through an on-campus student clinic for screening and treatment of sexually transmitted infections. A cross-sectional research design was used to collect data from students enrolled in a general health education course. In order to better understand motivating and demotivating factors for students to attend an oncampus health clinic for sexually transmitted infection testing, college students were surveyed regarding their attitudes and perceptions regarding sexual health. They also provided behavioral information, including whether they engage in sex, what measures of prevention and protection they use, and the use of on-campus health services. The study determined barriers for seeking care for STIs as well, as gaps in care for students who wish to utilize campus health clinics for prevention of STIs. Results were stratified by age, race, gender, and other demographic criteria. The sample was predominately white/Caucasian with about 647 or (71.9%) from a total of 900 students who participated in the survey. Results from a multiple regression analysis indicated that a significant relationship did exist between students' likelihood that they would get tested for an STI if they thought they had one and a model containing four predictor variables (unlikely, confidentiality, school records, and gender), R = 0.274, R[superscript 2] = 0.075, F(4, 895) = 17.97, p < 0.001. The coefficient of determination (R[superscript 2]) statistic indicated that 7.5% of the variance observed in the criterion variable was due to the four predictor variables. Additionally, the individual contribution of each predictor variable (unlikely, confidentiality, school records, and gender), when the others were controlled for, was assessed and results indicated that all four variables were significantly, and negatively, related to participants' willingness to get tested for an STI if they thought they had one (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p = 0.008, p = 0.034, and p = 0.011 respectively). That is, as participants' scores on the predictor variables increased, their willingness to get tested for an STI decreased. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A