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ERIC Number: ED556392
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 144
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3035-8984-3
Social Stratification and Higher Education Outcomes: The Case of Filipinos in Hawai`i
Libarios, Ernest Niki D., Jr.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Filipinos are the second largest ethnic group in Hawai'i and their population continues to grow at a rapid pace. However, they are among the lower socioeconomic groups in Hawai'i and are disproportionately represented in the University of Hawai'i system--overrepresented in the community colleges while underrepresented at the flagship campus, the University of Hawai'i at Manoa. This study examined the impact of students' social and academic backgrounds on baccalaureate degree completion using social stratification theory and focusing primarily on Filipinos as a case study. The sample consisted of the 1997 Hawai'i Department of Education senior class. The subset of this cohort that entered the Hawai'i public higher education system (N = 5206) was monitored over a ten-year period from entry following high school graduation to baccalaureate degree attainment. At the end of this period, 813 students had received undergraduate degrees, including 202 transfer students. The results of the longitudinal quantitative analyses identified several key events along the pathway that highlight differing patterns of retention, persistence, or failure. Entering through the state's community colleges and transferring to a university was found to decrease the chances of persisting to an undergraduate degree, especially for students pursuing particular types of majors, e.g. STEM. Filipino post-secondary students were found to be significantly more likely to enter post-secondary education through the community colleges. Implications include developing strategies to help Filipinos further their higher education attainment. This includes helping Filipinos enroll directly into four-year universities and assisting those who enroll in the community colleges with the transfer process. This study provides a framework to understand underrepresented ethnic groups in higher education and the context to explore important higher education issues including college enrollment, transfer, and undergraduate degree completion. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Two Year Colleges; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hawaii