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ERIC Number: ED556354
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Mar-7
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 19
English Language Development Policy: Foreign Teachers, Hegemony, and Inequality of Education in Thailand
Wannachotphawate, Wilaiwan
Online Submission, Paper presented at the International Conference on Educational Studies (1st, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, Jun 3-4, 2015)
Thailand's Participation as a member of the ASEAN Community forces her government to accelerate improvement of her citizens' competency of the English language. The continuing wave by Thai governments to develop and modernize the quality of education has influenced Thai society. Within Thailand, English proficiency has been reported as being inferior to many ASEAN countries. Consequently, Thai state has launched alternative educational policies to elevate the quality of education and English skills of her citizens. Also Thai Ministry of Education (MOE) commenced persuading Thai schools to initiate its English Program (EP) curriculum in 1995. A portion of the requirements in providing EP is for foreign teachers to teach 5 subjects of Thai curriculum in English. The mythology of foreign teachers and English language development has been combined in Thai society. Eleven years later, the average results of Thai students in English Language, compared to other subjects, were the lowest despite many rules and regulations being produced enforcing schools, teachers, and students to rise above this poor quality status. This article utilizes Foucault's discourse analysis as its research method to explore the resistances against the power of the Thai state in Thailand's modern cultural phenomena regarding English language development policies, foreign teachers, hegemony, and inequality of Thai education. The facts discovered here help us to re-evaluate rules and institutions and to participate in the formation of a political will where the stakeholders have their roles as citizens to play. This article "is to make windows where there were once walls." Michel Foucault.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Thailand