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ERIC Number: ED556226
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 236
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3035-5151-2
Relationship between Academic Resilience and College Success: Cross-National Experiences of Low-Income/First-Generation Students
Mbindyo, Margaret N.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University
The present study examines the relationship between academic resilience (defined as the ability to effectively deal with setbacks, stress, or pressure in an academic setting) and the experiences of US students served by TRIO intervention programs (federally funded programs) that serve low-income/first-generation students. Based on a sample of 106, a mixed methods approach was used to analyze responses from participants who responded to a 27 item Likert-type scale (1-5) College Resilience Questionnaire (CRQ) that had been posted online (Survey Monkey). The results of the CRQ instrument reveal that academic resilience and academic and social engagement scores for females are higher than for males. Results further support findings from t-test scores (t(106) = 2.21, p = 0.029), which also show differences in academic resilience between females and males enrolled in TRIO programs. Next, further analysis used in-depth interviews to expand the analysis of the lived experiences from six participants' interviews. Seven themes emerged from the data, which indicated that familial, institutional, individual, and socio-environmental protective factors play important roles for success in college of low-income/first-generation students. In general, the data seem to show that TRIO programs nurture students' academic resilience. Additional analysis compared these results with South African resilience studies. The comparison shows similarities in sources for the resilience nurturing. The dissertation appendices contain details of the quantitative CRQ Questionnaire and the qualitative interview questions. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa