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ERIC Number: ED555254
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 21
The Changing Perspective of Art Education in Pakistan
Khan, Muhammad Sher Ali
Online Submission
The development of art education in Pakistan over the last five decades is explored through three major phases: Arts as traditional crafts together with proficiency in painting and calligraphy. Such skills; somewhat existed in academies but, were then transferred through apprenticeship system. Arts in the academies; the first turning point, that focused on the ability of drawing in the school level while fine arts and design in the college and university levels. Art was then taught on Western modules while sidelining traditional arts and crafts. Art as industry along with professional training in traditional crafts within the frame of discipline-based art education. This contemporary yet important phase of art education was observed only when ideas of art and design reappeared with a new twist and titles. The changing perspective of art education can be interpreted more clearly by examining the curricula; particularly in higher education, and its function in society as well as in the market-place. [An earlier version of this paper was presented at the "International Conference on the Role of Academic Staff Association in the Promotion of Higher Education" (Bara Gali, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, Jun 6-8, 2013).]
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan