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ERIC Number: ED555196
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 164
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3033-1995-2
Poverty and the Public School System: Student Persistence from Elementary School to College Graduation
Avalos, Deborah Anne
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, University of the Pacific
Children living in poverty are at an elevated risk for academic, behavioral and emotional problems compared with children who are in the middle and upper classes (Kim-Cohen et al., 2004). Students living in poverty generally have fewer opportunities in schools as schools are less likely to offer rigorous curriculum or advanced classes for poor children (Burney & Belike, 2008). ). Education can be a sufficient route out of poverty for young people (2009). However, since the 1970's researchers found that family income is a major detriment to higher educational attainment (Jencks 1972; Kelly 1995; Mortimore & Whitty 1997; Bynner & Joshi 2002; Demie, Butler, & Taplin 2002; Bell 2003; UNICEF 2007). The purpose of this study was to better understand the phenomenon that is the process that at-risk youth employ to graduate from college. More specifically, this study described, analyzed, and interpreted the experiences of people who formerly lived in chronic poverty and graduated from college using resilience as a framework. Using a phenomenological approach, I interviewed nine adults who lived in chronic poverty as a child and later graduated from college. Sources of data included audio-recorded interview transcripts, notes and pictorials. Data analysis followed Moustakas' and van Manen's modifications of phenomenological methods. The analysis of the audio taped interviews led to the following emerged themes: Being the other in the family; Moving as a positive route; Helpful counselors and college-preparatory programs; Hiding and disassociating from the poverty identity; Education as utility; Rebelliousness against authority and; Not belonging to a social class. Findings of this study lead to a deeper understanding of the ways in which people who formerly lived in poverty and later graduated from college experiences and how these experiences have influenced their resilience. These findings offer researchers future research opportunities in various areas such as, how cultural and aspirational capital can lead to college graduation for children living in poverty. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Secondary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A