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ERIC Number: ED555108
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 290
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3032-2783-7
Use of a Mathematics Word Problem Strategy to Improve Achievement for Students with Mild Disabilities
Taber, Mary R.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Florida Atlantic University
Mathematics can be a difficult topic both to teach and to learn. Word problems specifically can be difficult for students with disabilities because they have to conceptualize what the problem is asking for, and they must perform the correct operation accurately. Current trends in mathematics instruction stem from the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Principles and Standards for School Mathematics that call for an inquiry learning model (NCTM, 2000). Unfortunately, this model may not be sufficient to meet the needs of students with disabilities. Researchers are currently looking at what elements will assist students with disabilities to learn mathematics both conceptually and procedurally. Explicit direct instruction, modeling, guided and independent practice, and providing advanced organizers have been found to help students with disabilities to be successful. This study focused on students with mild disabilities being served in the general education classroom for most of the school day. Three fifth-grade students with mild disabilities were selected to be taught a strategy incorporating the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) sequence of learning, schematic strategy based instruction, and self-regulation strategies. A multiple baseline across participants design was used with a follow-up phase. The intervention was implemented extending the work of Jitendra, DiPipi, and Perron-Jones (2002) and consisted of instruction in determining word problem types using the CRA sequence of learning. In addition, self-monitoring was incorporated using a mnemonic strategy. Results indicated that students with mild disabilities were able to use the strategy independently to accurately solve the training word problems using division or multiplication. Also, students were able to generalize both the strategy use as well as the word problem accuracy to the measurement of area problems. Additionally, two of the three students continued to use the strategy appropriately to accurately solve word problems in the 6-week follow-up phase. Suggestions for future studies are provided as well as educational implications. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Middle Schools; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A