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ERIC Number: ED554736
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 125
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3030-3934-8
An Examination of Differences in Consequences of Punishment among PK-12 School Administrators
Randle, Dawn DuBose
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Texas Southern University
The purpose of this study was to examine the differences in the administering of punishment procedures for violations of a school district's Code of Student Conduct among school-based administrators. Specifically, this study was concerned with the impact of the socio-demographic variables of: gender, years of administrative experience, school-building level, and ethnicity on the use of eight forms of punishment used by school-based administrators regarding violations related to Level I and Level IV offenses. The sample population for this study consisted of 101 school based administrators from a large urban school district in Texas. The DDR Consequence Survey provided 20 scenarios for school-based administrators to respond. Eight (8) out the twenty were used for the purpose of this study. Testing of the hypothesis was accomplished through the application of Chi-Square frequency tables through the Statistical Analysis System (SAS). All hypotheses were tested at the 0.05 level to determine statistical significance. Based on the findings of this research study, the following conclusions were drawn: 1.) elementary administrators were more likely to use after-school punishment than their secondary counterparts with regard to being tardy to school three times, 2.) elementary administrators were more likely to use out-of-school suspension than their secondary counterparts with regard to vandalism, 3.) administrators with various years of experience had no influence on eight selected punishments from the Code of Student Conduct eight selected forms of punishment, and 4.) ethnicity had no influence on the administrators use of the eight selected punishments from the Code of Student Conduct. The following recommendations are offered for consideration for replication of this study: 1.) Researchers should consider changing the response stem to "too severe", "severe enough", and "not severe enough" instead of "agree" or "disagree"; 2.) Researchers should consider administering the study to only elementary or only secondary administrators to determine if differences can be found within groups; 3.) Researchers should consider expanding the study state or nation-wide in order to generalize the findings to a larger population. Others interested in furthering or expanding this study may also consider including suburban or rural school districts to seek if the findings are a similar. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas