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ERIC Number: ED554622
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 124
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3030-3973-7
Perceived Effects of Courage to Teach Self-Reflective Practices on Teacher Stress
Hofman, Laurene
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, University of Phoenix
Teachers experience significant amounts of stress that can lead to burnout or attrition (Milhans, 2008). Creating time and space to engage in self-reflection helps teachers to reduce stress (Chang, 2009; Nollett, 2009). Courage to Teach was developed in 1994 by Parker Palmer and the Fetzer Institute in response to an identified need for developing the inner lives of teachers (Center for Courage and Renewal, 2008; Palmer, 1992) by encouraging self-reflection. This qualitative multiple case study focuses on the perceived effects of self-reflective practices learned at Courage to Teach retreats on levels of stress, classroom practices, and student engagement. Interview data and journal entries collected from nine female teachers participating in at least one of two Northern California retreat series from 2008 to 2011 indicates that engaging in the following self-reflective practices reduces stress levels: joumaling, deep listening and using silence, poetry, art, walking, and Clearness Committees. Additional data sources included Maslach Burnout Inventories-Educators Survey and documents obtained from the Center for Courage and Renewal. Teachers indicated that after participating in the retreats, they were more patient in the classroom and experienced a willingness and desire to present more engaging lessons. Suggestions for additional research include examination of Courage to Teach retreat cohorts in other locations, collecting data from male retreat participants, conducting a longitudinal study collecting data a priori, posteriori, and throughout the retreats, and focusing on a population using Palmer's ( 1994) "Courage to Teach" in a book group. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Maslach Burnout Inventory