NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED554214
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 90
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3031-6186-5
The College Experience: Protective Factors and Psychological Well-Being
Midili, Gina
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Alliant International University
The purpose of this study is to identify protective factors in college student development as they relate to psychological well-being (PWB). Using archival data from National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) dataset, this research was guided by a blend of models and constructs to capture the association between college student development, protective factors, and PWB. The research questions for this study were: In what way can the Chickering and Reisser (1993) model be evaluated using data from a nationally representative sample of college students? What will testing the model explain about the independence of the theorized vectors in college student development? If there is evidence to support the independence of these vectors, is there evidence to suggest they may function as protective factors in PWB? Will the psychometric properties of the associated scale scores be sufficient to evaluate the vectors as protective factors in PWB in the college student population? Utilizing a subset of the Add Health dataset, 742 of college students, results of this study had two significant findings. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) partially validated the Chickering and Reisser (1993) model by confirming six out of the seven vectors with varying levels of internal consistency. Independence of these factors was confirmed through correlation analysis. Multiple regression analysis was employed to explore the protective nature of these vectors, and a strong regression model emerged confirming four vectors as significant and positive predictors of PWB: "Establishing Identity", "Achieving Competence", "Mature Interpersonal Relationships" ("Romantic relationships"), and "Managing Emotions" (F(7, 741) = 49.50, p < 0.001, R[superscript 2] = 0.321). This study contributes to the literature on college student well-being in that it appears to be the first study that has utilized a nationally representative dataset to (a) test the Chickering and Reisser (1993) model, and (b) explore Chickering and Reisser vectors as protective factors in college student PWB. This study offers recommendations on (a) how future researchers might utilize the Add Health data set for further explorations of the Chickering and Reisser model, and (b) how student services and university counseling centers might utilize the results of this study to develop interventions and programs targeted toward bolstering college student PWB. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health