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ERIC Number: ED553711
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 172
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3031-0132-8
ISSN: N/A
Does Self-Reported Bullying and Victimization Relate to Social, Emotional Problems in Adolescents with and without Criminal History
Zach-Vanhorn, Sara M.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Alabama
This research was conducted to explore predictors and moderators of bullying involvement, social and emotional problems, vocabulary knowledge, and crimes. There was one main research question: (1) Is there a the relationship between adolescents with social and emotional problems as measured by the SDQ (Goodman, 1997) and adolescents' self-disclosed status as a bully, a victim, or bully-victim as measured by ROBVQ (Olweus, 1996) beyond demographic variables (i.e., age, gender, social status, vocabulary knowledge)? There were two questions of interest, including: (1) Are crimes a moderator variable between involvement in bullying scores and social and emotional problems scores?; and, (2) What types of crimes are most likely committed (i.e., misdemeanor crime, property crime, violent crime) by adolescents who score high on social and emotional problems scales and have high bullying involvement scores? This study consisted of 377 adolescents between the ages of 11 and 18. Adolescents were required to complete three questionnaires. The questionnaires were the Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire (ROBVQ; Olweus, 1996), Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; Goodman, 1997), and Vocabulary for Achievement (VFA; Richeck, 2005). Regression analyses were conducted as well as qualitative analysis. The data posited that bully, victim, and bully-victim scores were related to social and emotional problems scores beyond demographic variables (i.e., age, gender, social status, vocabulary knowledge). Vocabulary knowledge and Quadrant 4 (class clown category) were related to ROBVQ bully and bully-victim scores. Age was found to be related to ROBVQ victim and bully-victim scales. Overall, all three ROBVQ bullying group scores were related to Quadrant 3 (outcast category). ROBVQ bully, victim, and bully-victim scores were related to peer problems and conduct problems scores, while ROBVQ victim and bully-victim scores were related to emotional symptoms scores as well. Furthermore, crime was a moderator for bully scores and social and emotional problems scores, but was not a moderator for victim or bully-victim scores. Lastly, there were subcategories created for the three types of crimes (i.e., misdemeanor, property, violent). These subcategories gave insight into which specific types of crimes were committed by adolescents who had high scores on SDQ subscales and ROBVQ bullying involvement. Overall, this study provided support for previous literature as well as insight on characteristics and a moderator of bullying scores. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire