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ERIC Number: ED553583
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 157
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: 978-1-3030-9057-8
Placement of English as a Second Language (ESL) Student Learners in Higher Education
Banegas, Michael R.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Walden University
Immigration into the U.S. will continue to increase in the coming years, thereby increasing the postsecondary enrollment of ESL students. Yet there is still a limited amount of research designed to evaluate which ESL placement programs are most effective. This study was designed to determine if the use of correct testing instruments would ensure proper ESL student placement in reading, writing, and comprehension of English courses at the postsecondary level. The theoretical framework for this study was based on Bachman and Palmer's concept of construct validity and authenticity in relation to ESL placement tests. The research used a mixed methods approach and included 100 ESL students and 10 ESL instructors. The quantitative portion of the study included a Likert survey administered prior to ESL student placement and following the completion of the first semester. Quantitative analysis of the data included a dependent t test of paired samples which tested for differences in the results of the 2 surveys. The quantitative findings were significant for ESL students with lower-level English skills but not for those with a more extensive background in English. The qualitative data were collected from the 10 ESL instructors and 10 representative ESL students by means of semi structured interviews. The findings showed a need to adjust placement of ESL students entering college based on the needs of the student instead of on an average of test scores. These results may help educational institutions develop an accurate placement system that addresses the needs of ESL students, making a positive impact educationally and facilitating ESL students' success in an ever-changing global society. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A