ERIC Number: ED553301
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
Age 21 Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Title I Chicago Child-Parent Centers. Discussion Paper No. 1245-02
Reynolds, Arthur J.; Temple, Judy A.; Robertson, Dylan L.; Mann, Emily A.
Institute for Research on Poverty, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Prevention Research (Washington, D.C., Jun 1, 2001)
We conducted the first cost-benefit analysis of a federally financed, comprehensive early childhood program. The Title I Chicago Child-Parent Centers are located in public schools and provide educational and family support services to low-income children from ages 3 to 9. Using data from a cohort of children born in 1980 who participate in the Chicago Longitudinal Study, findings indicated that the measured and projected economic benefits of preschool participation, school-age participation, and extended program participation exceeded costs. The preschool program provided a return to society of $7.14 per dollar invested by increasing economic well-being and tax revenues, and by reducing public expenditures for remedial education, criminal justice treatment, and crime victims. The extended intervention program (4 to 6 years of participation) provided a return to society of $6.11 per dollar invested while the school-age program yielded a return of $1.66 per dollar invested. Economic benefits to the general public, exclusive of individual earnings, also exceeded costs for all three levels of program participation. Findings demonstrate the cost-effectiveness of public early childhood programs. Appended is "Breakdown of Benefits and Costs for Estimating Economic Returns of the Chicago Child-Parent Centers."
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Early Childhood Education, Longitudinal Studies, Low Income Groups, Child Development Centers, Comparative Analysis, Federal Programs, Child Care Centers, Program Effectiveness, Graduate Surveys, Preschool Education, Preschool Evaluation, Input Output Analysis, African American Students, Hispanic American Students, Student Participation, Economic Impact, Program Costs, Educational Benefits, Early Experience, Statistical Analysis, Well Being, Child Welfare, Audits (Verification), Educational Assessment
Institute for Research on Poverty. Publications Department, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706-1393. Tel: 608-262-6358; Fax: 608-265-3119; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.irp.wisc.edu
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH); Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC. Office of Research.
Authoring Institution: University of Wisconsin-Madison, Institute for Research on Poverty
Identifiers - Location: Illinois
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01HD34294-06|R305T990477