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ERIC Number: ED553284
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Feb
Pages: 47
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 112
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Affirmative Action: What Do We Know? Discussion Paper No. 1314-06
Holzer, Harry J.; Neumark, David
Institute for Research on Poverty
In this paper we review the research evidence on the effects of affirmative action in employment, university admissions, and government procurement. We consider effects on both "equity" (or distribution) as well as "efficiency." Overall, we find that affirmative action does redistribute jobs, university admissions, and government contracts away from white males toward minorities and females, though the overall magnitudes of these shifts are relatively modest. We also find that affirmative action shifts jobs and university admissions to minorities who have weaker credentials, but there is little solid evidence to date of weaker labor market performance among its beneficiaries. While those students admitted to universities under affirmative action have weaker grades and higher dropout rates than their white counterparts at selective schools, they seem to benefit overall in terms of higher graduation rates and later salaries. Affirmative action also generates positive externalities for minority and low-income communities (in terms of better medical services and labor market contacts), and perhaps for employers and universities as well. More research on a variety of these issues is also clearly needed. [This paper has been prepared for the "Journal of Policy Analysis and Management," at the invitation of the editor.]
Institute for Research on Poverty. Publications Department, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706-1393. Tel: 608-262-6358; Fax: 608-265-3119; e-mail: irppubs@ssc.wisc.edu; Web site: http://www.irp.wisc.edu
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: University of Wisconsin-Madison, Institute for Research on Poverty
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Bakke v Regents of University of California; Civil Rights Act 1964 Title VII; Gratz et al v Bollinger et al; Grutter et al v Bollinger et al; Hopwood v Texas; Proposition 209 (California 1996)