ERIC Number: ED553246
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 69
Connecting the Disconnected: Improving Education and Employment Outcomes among Disadvantaged Youth. Discussion Paper No. 1412-13
Edelman, Peter B.; Holzer, Harry J.
Institute for Research on Poverty
In this paper we will briefly review recent trends in employment outcomes for disadvantaged youth, focusing specifically on those who have become "disconnected" from school and the labor market, and why these trends have occurred. We then review a range of policy prescriptions that might improve those outcomes. These policies include: 1) Efforts to enhance education and employment outcomes, both among in-school youth who are at risk of dropping out and becoming disconnected as well as out-of-school youth who have already done so; 2) Policies to increase earnings and incent more labor force participation among youth, such as expanding the eligibility of childless adults (and especially non-custodial parents) for the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC); and 3) Specific policies to reduce barriers to employment faced by ex-offenders and non-custodial parents (NCPs). We also consider policies that target the demand side of the labor market, in efforts to spur the willingness of employers to hire these young people and perhaps to improve the quality of jobs available to them.
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Improvement, Employment Potential, Labor Market, Out of School Youth, At Risk Students, Educational Attainment, Trend Analysis, Racial Differences, Gender Differences, Outcomes of Education, Labor Supply, Labor Demands, Program Proposals, Public Policy, Policy Analysis, Improvement Programs, Youth Opportunities, Youth Programs, Youth Problems, Youth Employment, Delinquent Rehabilitation, Tax Credits, Salary Wage Differentials
Institute for Research on Poverty. Publications Department, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706-1393. Tel: 608-262-6358; Fax: 608-265-3119; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.irp.wisc.edu
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: University of Wisconsin-Madison, Institute for Research on Poverty